A+ A A-

Patuxai

Patuxai (Lao: ປະຕູໄຊ, literally meaning Victory Gate or Gate of Triumph, formerly the Anousavary or Anosavari Monument, known by the French as Monument Aux Morts) is a war monument in the centre of Vientiane, Laos, which was built between 1957 and 1968. The Patuxai is dedicated to those who fought in the struggle for independence from France.

Patuxay-l

In romanising the name from the Laotian language, it is variously transliterated as Patuxai, Patuxay, Patousai and Patusai. It is also called Patuxai Arch or the Arc de Triomphe of Vientiane as it resembles the Arc de Triomphe in Paris. However, it is typically Laotian in design, decorated with mythological creatures such as the kinnari (half-female, half-bird).

Patuxai is a compound word, ‘Patuu’ or ‘patu’ meaning a “door” or “gateway” and ‘Xai’, derivative of the Sanskrit ‘Jaya’, which means “victory”. Thus it means “Victory Gate”. Patuxai was built during a turbulent period Lao history. It was built when Laos was a constitutional monarchy and was originally known simply as the "Anousavali" ("memory"), dedicated memory of the Laotian soldiers who died during World War II and the independence war from France in 1949.

The monument was built using American funds and cement intended to build a new airport. The Royal Laotian Government instead built the monument, which earned it the nickname of the "vertical runway".

The monument was designed by Tham Sayasthsena, a Laotian architect. In 1957, his plans were selected out of those submitted by the Public Works Department, the Military Engineering Department, and numerous private architects. Tham received 30,000 kips for his work. The cost of construction was estimated as 63 million kips.

In 1975, the communist Pathet Lao seized power and ended the ancient monarchy. They changed name to Patuxai in honor of their own victory.

The Patuxai is at the end of Lang Xang Avenue in the heart of Vientiane. Patuxay Park surrounds the monument.

The monument has five towers that represent the five principles of coexistence among nations of the world. They are also representative of the five Buddhist principles of “thoughtful amiability, flexibility, honesty, honour and prosperity”.

The monument, as built, has gateways on four sides oriented towards the four cardinal directions. The East-West gateways open to the Long Xang Avenue, which is used during ceremonial national parades. In front of each gate, there is a pond. The four ponds represent the open section of a lotus flower (representing reverence of Laotians to the brave warriors of the nation). The four corners of the gateways are adorned by statues of a Naga King (mythical symbol of Laos), with a depiction signifying spraying of a jet of water (suggesting nature, fertility, welfare and happiness) into the ponds on the ground.

Two concrete staircases wind up from inside the main structure, passing through each floor, right up to the top of the monument. Viewing galleries are provided on the upper floors. The first floor has mainly the offices of the management of the monument; the kiosks dealing with tourist paraphernalia (artefacts, souvenirs and refreshments) are also housed on this floor. The second floor is an important area where a museum is housed, displaying statues and pictures of the iconic heroes and heroines of the country.

The next level is an open space where four towers are built at the four corners. These towers have been decorated with frescoes of foliage. The towers are also fitted with electric lights, which are switched on during the national day and other important festivals. The small towers, with temple like ornamentation, are designed in the Laotian style and are provided with spires. Each tower has a stairway.

Apart from the four corner towers, there is another central larger tower above this floor, which also has a staircase which leads to the top floor that has the viewing platform from where a panoramic view of Vientiane could be seen. A telescope is also fitted at that level to get a view of the city. Plans have been drawn to fit lifts from two diagonal corners of the monument, which are expected to be ready in 2010 ? when the 450th anniversary of Vientiane as the capital of Laos will be celebrated. On this occasion, the entire monument is proposed to be decorated with flowers and illuminated.

The monumental building is not fully finished to this day, although the Laotian government have repeatedly authorized new funds.

The musical fountain system fitted in the newly developed elegant garden was donated by the Chinese. It is a popular feature for visitors and local people who visit the monuments in the afternoons.

Source: Wikipedia


Information

Travel Information
Visas, borders, roads, planes...
Local Information
Phones, climate, health...
Historical Information
Siam, independence...

An Adventure

Rivers

Rivers in Laos offer many exciting opportunities for adventure. Flowing through jungle, gorges and caves, they can be wildly exciting and soothingly quiet in equal measure. There is ample scope for both...

Read more

Elephants

Elephants, Laos was once known as the land of a million Elephants. Once these majestic animals were the mainstay of travelling, hauling long distance and logging. Even as recently as the Vietnam...

Read more

Trekking

Trekking is a great way to explore the mountains and forests of Laos. You can journey to waterfalls and caves, visit remote ethnic villages, investigate remnants of ancient cultures and temples and...

Read more

Cycling

Cycling is a great, way to get around Laos. The main roads North and South and East and West are paved. The subsidiary and rural roads are more suitable for Mountain Bikes...

Read more

Ethnic

Ethnic groups in Lao are diverse and interesting. Villages outside of the main centres differ widely from one another, in culture, craft, language and custom. There are many minority culture spread across Laos...

Read more

Buffalo Skin Snacks

If, like me, you've wondered what the strips of dried animal hide, being sold at markets and by the side of the road, are for... They are dried Buffalo Hide...

Read more

Tam Mahk Houng

Tam Mahk Houng - Lao Papaya Spicy Salad 2 cups shredded papayas1 garlic clove4 chilies1 tablespoon shrimp paste1/4 tablespoon crab, paste1 tablespoon fish sauce1 scant teaspoon msg (optional)1 tablespoon fermented fish...

Read more

Chicken Lahp

Chicken lahp with vegetables and variations - lahp gai pak gap Ingredients for a Lao raw or cooked meat lahp are extremely variable reflecting a cuisine which is prepared with whatever...

Read more

Tom and Gaeng

Tom and Gaeng - soups, There are tom and there are gaeng, both are ‘soups’ in English whereby gaeng is misleadingly translated into ‘curry’. Tom - “to boil” or “boiled” - are...

Read more

Chili Dips

Chili Dips - Jeow, there is jeow, and there is jeow. Sauces and dips are called jeow as long as these contain chillies. The classic jeow is either fairly dry or...

Read more

Hotel Khamvongsa

Welcome to our cozy and elegant family run hotel in the old part of central Vientiane. We offer bright, spacious rooms, individually decorated in French colonial and Lao style, with...

Read more
  1. Historic
  2. See
  3. Taste
Loading…

19th Century Photos

Read more

19th Century Photos

Read more

19th Century Photos

Read more
  • 19th Century Photos
  • 19th Century Photos
  • 19th Century Photos
Loading…

National Protected Areas

Read more

Attractions

Read more

Adventure

Read more
  • National Protected Areas
  • Attractions
  • Adventure
Loading…

Tam Mahk Houng

Read more

Chili Dips

Read more

Gaeng Bawt

Read more
  • Tam Mahk Houng
  • Chili Dips
  • Gaeng Bawt

Popular Attractions

Si Phan Dong

Si Phan Don (Lao: ສີພັນດອນ; meaning The 4000 islands) is a riverine archipelago located in the Mekong River, Champasak Province in southern Laos. Si Phan Don is characterised by numerous islands...

Read more

Wat Phou

Vat Phou or Wat Phu (Lao: ວັດພູ [wāt pʰúː] temple-mountain) is a ruined Khmer temple complex in southern Laos. It is located at the base of mount Phu Kao, some...

Read more

Pha That Luang

Pha That Luang (Lao: ພຣະທາດຫຼວງ, IPA: [pʰā tʰâːt lwǎːŋ] 'Great Stupa') is a gold-covered large Buddhist stupa in the centre of Vientiane, Laos. Since its initial establishment, suggested to be...

Read more

Bolivan Plateau

The Bolivan Plateau is an elevated region in southern Laos. Most of the plateau is located within Champasak Province of Laos, though the edges of the plateau are also located...

Read more

Patuxai

Patuxai (Lao: ປະຕູໄຊ, literally meaning Victory Gate or Gate of Triumph, formerly the Anousavary or Anosavari Monument, known by the French as Monument Aux Morts) is a war monument in...

Read more

 Elephant Conservation Center logo

 Elephant Conservation Center

The Elephant Conservation Center hosts Laos' first hospital dedicated to elephants that are victims of logging accidents or affected by diseases. The center is staffed with an international team of elephant vets and offers free veterinary care services, an emergency unit, a breeding center, a mahout vocational center and the most extensive elephant information center in country. 
Click here to visit the Elephant Conservation Centre

foundation

This organisation was set up by a former fire-fighter and nurse who worked for the Red Cross on emergency assistance. He gathered around him a team of 34 dedicated people from Lao and trained them in first aid. It is registered under the Lao Foundation to assist the poor and was established in 2006.

Exo Foundation

Choice Hotels Laos

Selected Hotels, Resorts, Ecolodges and Cruises, each destination is a tourist attraction in its own right. The Individualist’s Guide to Discover Laos along National Route 13 from China to Cambodia coordinated...

Read more

If you would like to appear
on this website, please send
a message to us on the
Administration contact form,
which can be found in the
Contact/Administration section
of this website.

Hands

I had the best time in Lao Pi Mai, awesomesauce amazeballs! Jazza.
F. White.